How to Make Cobblestone Garden Paths

garden path

Every year, more and more inveterate summer residents realize that a suburban area can be not only a hopeless canvas of many vegetable beds, but also a resting place for body and soul. Even an ordinary cobblestone path can radically transform the garden. A summer house with neat sidewalks and a layout testifies to the hard work of its owner and his taste.

Not every garden owner can afford the services of a specialist who perfectly knows the technology of laying such paths. But, having got acquainted with the theory a little, you can independently create cobblestone paths with your own hands to taste and financial capabilities.

Material selection

The most democratic and universal material for paths in the yard is natural raw materials. It has several advantages compared to its artificial counterparts:

  • Inhomogeneity of form, color and pattern. The path will not look monotonous.
  • Resistance to mechanical damage and long service life. The stone is not sensitive to extreme changes in temperature and humidity.
  • The texture of the material is not destroyed by chemical reactions.
  • Environmental friendliness.

As an alternative to ready-made pieces of stone, many craftsmen choose concrete. To pave the cobblestone paths in the country, you can use both ready-made concrete slabs and make them on your own. For this, workpieces of the required shape and size are used, into which the material is poured. Thus, you can independently create a unique ornament of the track.

No less popular choice is flagstone. This is a natural stone that is found in a wide variety of colors: from gray to pink and red. Extremely durable, but malleable to grinder processing, flagstone can be purchased at any construction outlet. When choosing a stone, you need to pay attention to the fact that one side of its pieces should be as smooth and flat as possible, this will simplify the processing of raw materials.

Preparatory work

Cobblestone paving occurs in several stages. And the first of them is determining the layout of future paths in the garden. Knowing the main points to which the paths should lead, the owners can show originality in the design of their bends. As a rule, a stone path connects flowerbeds and lawns, playgrounds and gazebos in the yard, small ponds or fountains, alpine slides, etc. It is not recommended to allow right angles when cornering and crossing paths, it looks too strict for a summer cottage.
The minimum width of the alley must allow free movement of the garden cart along it. Its length (in square meters) is carefully calculated before buying raw materials. Then the outlined silhouette is drawn with white on the ground.

At the preparatory stage, the master digs a trench on the site of the future track. The depth of the workpiece is determined depending on the size of the stone, but is at least 15 cm. The width exactly matches the width of the path.

Then a layer of rubble is poured at the bottom of the trench (no more than 3 cm). The next layer is fine-grained gravel; the uppermost layer is sand. Each layer must be properly tamped.

Cobble Stacking

In order to make sure that all the stones for the alley are ready for paving and selected in size, they must first be folded on the ground around the perimeter of the prepared foundation. If all the pieces correspond to each other, then they must be pressed harder into the sand with a rubber mallet.

After every two meters of stone laid, the joints between it should be filled with a fixing solution. The solution for cobblestone garden paths is made independently from a mixture of sand and cement in a ratio of 1: 3. It is more convenient to fill the slots with a cone from a cement bag.

Upon completion of filling up the gaps and drying the mortar, the cobblestone garden paths are ready for use.

Despite its unpretentiousness, stone alleys still require minimal care. With proper installation and reasonable operation, garden paths will be the highlight of any summer cottage.

Types of Paving Slabs and Pavers

Paving Slabs

Types of paving slabs according to the production method

Paving slabs are divided into types based on manufacturing. We can distinguish the following main types of tiles that are used for facing paths and sidewalks:

  • Paving vibropressed;
  • Vibrocast paving slabs;
  • Rubber tile;
  • Polymer sand tiles;
  • Reinforced tiles;
  • Granite tiles.

Vibropressed paving slabs paving stones

Paving stones or paving slabs made by vipressing is the most reliable road-building material. Vibropressed paving slabs of the type of paving are made of durable natural materials such as: basalt, granite and diabase. These types of natural stone are completely not subject to abrasion and the effects of external natural factors.

This type of tile is made on special equipment. The prepared semi-dry mixture is poured into molds and subjected to vibrocompression, then placed in a special chamber with high temperature and humidity, where the paving slabs are gaining strength.

At the exit, we get high-quality, strong and durable paving slabs, which has high technical characteristics for strength and frost resistance. Vibropressed paving slabs retain their characteristics and appearance for many years.

The use of vibropressed pavers when arranging the surroundings of a private house or square gives these places a special aesthetic appearance. In addition, paving stones can be used for paving pavements. Its great resistance to pressure and vibration, as well as increased resistance to shock loads, make it an excellent option for these purposes.

Vibropressed paving stones are very easy to dismantle and just as easily lays in place. This is her property, very likable to our road workers, who are well aware that they are the same work, but with asphalt.

Paving stones are very easy to install manually, and sometimes special tile-laying machines are involved in its laying. When laying, between each element, a certain gap is formed, due to which, on its surface, there are almost never puddles. Paving stones pass all the water through these gaps, almost without a trace.

This material has a huge assortment of colors and shapes. Paving stones can serve as a building material, as well as decorative.

Vibrocast paving slabs

Paving stones or paving slabs made by vibrocasting is a cheap analogue of vibro-pressed tiles. In terms of shapes and colors, these two types (vibro-cast and vibro-pressed) tiles are similar.

Vibrocast paving slabs are made in the simplest and cheapest way – the mixture is diluted to a sufficiently liquid state, poured into molds, and after the mixture has dried, the tile is ready. Basically, this type of paving slabs is made in artisanal conditions.

The coating of such a tile is similar to a simple concrete pouring of a refined area. The difference is in the more aesthetic appearance of the tile, the presence of seams between the tiles, which play the role of expansion joints, due to which the paving slabs serve a little more than a simple concrete coating without these seams, but the vibrocast tile has a more glossy surface, which increases its injury hazard, since getting wet becomes very slippery.

The service life of paving slabs – it quickly gets dirty, crumbles and bursts.

Rubber paving slabs

Rubber tile is a modern product. This type of tile consists of a rubber mass and a colored filler. These components are interconnected by polyurethane.

Thanks to the unique production technology, rubber tile has the following properties: high degree of resistance to frost; does not change color under the influence of direct sunlight; simplicity of laying.

Reinforced paving slabs

Reinforced paving slabs are produced by vibrocasting. This type of tile is reinforced with flat tiles made of 48r-1 wire. In some cases, a fibrin mesh is used, which helps withstand a load that exceeds 20 tons. This is done in order to increase the tile’s flexural and tensile strength. Fine reinforced concrete of high grade is used for the manufacture of reinforced tiles.

Granite Paving Slabs

Granite tiles are an ideal solution for creating almost eternal sidewalks and roads.

This type of tile is characterized by high strength and high wear resistance. With the help of fire, an anti-skid effect of granite paving slabs is created.