Paving Slabs

Laying Paving Slabs: Technology, Methods and Rules

Many people have their own country house. It is nice to spend weekends, celebrate holidays and just relax. But for the pastime to be as comfortable as possible and nothing to spoil the general impression of the cottage, you need to take care of its improvement.

It is not necessary to spend a lot of money, hire specialists, because much can be done with your own hands. For example, one of the main criteria for comfort is cleanliness and order. If the area is constantly dusty, and dirt squishes under your feet after rain, only paving slabs will save the country house. The task of laying tracks and pitches may seem daunting, but it’s really simple. You just need to know some rules of the work.

What are the advantages of using paving slabs

Such material as paving slabs has a lot of advantages:

  1. Aesthetics and uniqueness. To finally make sure of this, take a look at the photo of examples of paving slabs laying. The plot looks neat and attractive.
  2. Ensuring cleanliness. After the rain, a swamp and dirt are not formed, water flows between the tiles.
  3. Simplifies the movement around the site.
  4. Allows zoning of space.
  5. Easier to keep clean.
  6. Prevents leaching and soil destruction.

But so that these advantages are manifested to the greatest extent, you need to know how to properly lay paving slabs. If you do not follow the basic rules, such coverage will not last long and will bring more problems than benefits. In addition, you will have to spend your time and money to fix defects.

Preparation of materials

Paving slabs of different shapes and colors Since paving slabs can only be laid on a flat surface, you need to prepare for leveling the soil.

As a result, you need such a tool:

  • shovel;
  • rake;
  • channel;
  • mallet;
  • broom.

Among other materials, tiles, sand, cement, water, gravel or gravel, border elements will be required. Choosing the type of tile you need to take into account the load on it. For ordinary garden paths, you can take a simple 20 mm thick. But if you plan to lay out a parking space for a car, it is better to buy a tile of 60 mm.

The next selection criterion is form. The range of products is simply huge. The most popular are clover, scales, brick, wave, honeycomb and gzhel.

Paving slabs in the form of a rhombus in the photo look voluminous, since three colors of the same gamut are usually used to create a 3D effect. Rectangles imitate pavers, and the wave is like slate.

Laying paving slabs

The rules for laying paving slabs imply the division of the whole process into 3 main stages: surface preparation, basic laying and final design. Each of them is important in its own way. Therefore, in order to prevent a fatal error, you need to perform all the steps accurately and correctly. In this matter, step-by-step instructions on how to complete the work will help.

Preparatory stage

Elements necessary for laying paving slabs Naturally, no such business begins directly with installation. First you need to do some rough work. So, laying paving slabs in the country begins with soil preparation and marking for a future path or site.

First of all, you need to draw a diagram of the site. In this case, every detail is taken into account: placement of the house, outbuildings, landscape design, fences and track directions. Based on these drawings, the approximate area that is planned to be covered with tiles is calculated. Then you need to calculate the number of paving elements. Since the markup may contain inaccuracies, another 5-10% must be added to the estimated amount when buying materials. Also taken into account is the risk of damage and the detection of defective tiles.

Consider the factor that elements can distinguish in shape. In this regard, methods of laying paving slabs may vary. Use pegs and rope to shield the perimeter of future tracks. If necessary, make adjustments to the plan and calculations.

Perhaps the most important part of the preparatory phase is surface leveling. The success of tile installation and its further operation depends on the quality of the work performed. If there are hillocks and pits, they must be leveled to the ground, removing a layer of 10-15 cm. For each meter, a slope of 5 degrees is made.

Tip: Install the curbs first. Trenches are excavated along the perimeter, at the bottom of which a layer of gravel and sand is poured. After tamping, all the elements are put into place and buried. It is better to lay garden decorative paths without borders, without adhering to a strict layout layout.

The inner space must be covered with a layer of rubble. Next is a layer of cement-sand substrate. It is leveled and watered with water using a sprinkler. After drying, they fill in another layer, equalize it with a channel and begin laying tiles.

Main works

Several ways of laying paving slabs Before you begin, you need to check the plan. The diagram should contain an example layout drawing.

You can use these options for laying paving slabs in the form of a brick:

  • dressing;
  • two by two;
  • circular;
  • diagonally.

Also, the layout depends on the color of the elements. With their help, you can create patterns and drawings.

They lay the tiles “on their own.” You need to dock as tightly as possible, leaving a gap of a couple of millimeters. For tamping use a mallet. Watch the surface level. Initially, the height of the tile should be 1 cm greater than the expected height of the track. After tampering, it will fall into place. First, all solid elements are stacked. Then, with the help of a grinder, you need to cut the missing fragments and set them in place.

If the technology of laying paving slabs is followed, the end result will completely satisfy you. At the same time, the track will serve for more than one year, without deforming and will not creep even after a downpour.

Finishing touches

The tool necessary for laying the tiles The last step is the final tamping and cleaning of the territory. The lined surface is covered with a mixture of sand and cement. With a broom, you need to evenly distribute it over the entire area so that the joints are filled to the top. We remove the surplus. Then fill the track with water and wait until the sand settles. Then repeat the procedure until the seams are completely filled.
Laying technology and rules for the care of paving slabs suggest periodic prevention of leaching. Add sand to the seams once a year. Skip tracks regularly to maintain cleanliness. It is recommended to rinse the tiles from time to time. It is advisable to leave a small supply of elements, since if one of the bricks crack during operation, it can be replaced with a whole one.

In winter, clear the pavement area of ​​snow so that in future the ice does not destroy the tile structure. Please note that metal scrapers and icebreakers must not be used for this. Glossy materials can slip. Lay out rubber mats or use clean river sand. You can not sprinkle the track with crushed stone, so as not to destroy its upper layer.

Now you know how to properly lay paving slabs. As you can see, doing it yourself is not so difficult. To do this, you do not need to have special skills or special knowledge, just follow the technology presented. Your summer cottage is transformed beyond recognition. With the help of paving slabs you will get rid of dirt and greatly facilitate your life in a private house.