Types of paving slabs according to the production method
Paving slabs are divided into types based on manufacturing. We can distinguish the following main types of tiles that are used for facing paths and sidewalks:
- Paving vibropressed;
- Vibrocast paving slabs;
- Rubber tile;
- Polymer sand tiles;
- Reinforced tiles;
- Granite tiles.
Vibropressed paving slabs paving stones
Paving stones or paving slabs made by vipressing is the most reliable road-building material. Vibropressed paving slabs of the type of paving are made of durable natural materials such as: basalt, granite and diabase. These types of natural stone are completely not subject to abrasion and the effects of external natural factors.
This type of tile is made on special equipment. The prepared semi-dry mixture is poured into molds and subjected to vibrocompression, then placed in a special chamber with high temperature and humidity, where the paving slabs are gaining strength.
At the exit, we get high-quality, strong and durable paving slabs, which has high technical characteristics for strength and frost resistance. Vibropressed paving slabs retain their characteristics and appearance for many years.
The use of vibropressed pavers when arranging the surroundings of a private house or square gives these places a special aesthetic appearance. In addition, paving stones can be used for paving pavements. Its great resistance to pressure and vibration, as well as increased resistance to shock loads, make it an excellent option for these purposes.
Vibropressed paving stones are very easy to dismantle and just as easily lays in place. This is her property, very likable to our road workers, who are well aware that they are the same work, but with asphalt.
Paving stones are very easy to install manually, and sometimes special tile-laying machines are involved in its laying. When laying, between each element, a certain gap is formed, due to which, on its surface, there are almost never puddles. Paving stones pass all the water through these gaps, almost without a trace.
This material has a huge assortment of colors and shapes. Paving stones can serve as a building material, as well as decorative.
Vibrocast paving slabs
Paving stones or paving slabs made by vibrocasting is a cheap analogue of vibro-pressed tiles. In terms of shapes and colors, these two types (vibro-cast and vibro-pressed) tiles are similar.
Vibrocast paving slabs are made in the simplest and cheapest way – the mixture is diluted to a sufficiently liquid state, poured into molds, and after the mixture has dried, the tile is ready. Basically, this type of paving slabs is made in artisanal conditions.
The coating of such a tile is similar to a simple concrete pouring of a refined area. The difference is in the more aesthetic appearance of the tile, the presence of seams between the tiles, which play the role of expansion joints, due to which the paving slabs serve a little more than a simple concrete coating without these seams, but the vibrocast tile has a more glossy surface, which increases its injury hazard, since getting wet becomes very slippery.
The service life of paving slabs – it quickly gets dirty, crumbles and bursts.
Rubber paving slabs
Rubber tile is a modern product. This type of tile consists of a rubber mass and a colored filler. These components are interconnected by polyurethane.
Thanks to the unique production technology, rubber tile has the following properties: high degree of resistance to frost; does not change color under the influence of direct sunlight; simplicity of laying.
Reinforced paving slabs
Reinforced paving slabs are produced by vibrocasting. This type of tile is reinforced with flat tiles made of 48r-1 wire. In some cases, a fibrin mesh is used, which helps withstand a load that exceeds 20 tons. This is done in order to increase the tile’s flexural and tensile strength. Fine reinforced concrete of high grade is used for the manufacture of reinforced tiles.
Granite Paving Slabs
Granite tiles are an ideal solution for creating almost eternal sidewalks and roads.
This type of tile is characterized by high strength and high wear resistance. With the help of fire, an anti-skid effect of granite paving slabs is created.